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Cosmetic Surgery / Hair Restoration (FUE vs FUT)

FUE Hair Restoration

Hair loss is a common concern that affects both men and women, but thankfully there are effective, lasting solutions.

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What Causes Hair Loss?

For many years, the preferred clinical treatment for hair loss was an invasive technique known as “strip” hair restoration, aka FUT (follicular unit transplantation). Although effective, the strip method leaves behind a scar and involves significant discomfort and recuperation time. As a leading hair transplant/restoration specialist in Toronto, Dr. Marc DuPéré prefers follicular unit extraction (FUE) for most patients —the technique and technology featured by brands such as NeoGraft®, ARTAS® and SmartGraft™. In the skilled hands of an expert, this innovative approach creates natural-looking results with minimal downtime and no visible scarring.

Hair loss can affect both men and women, although it can differ quite a bit between the sexes. The distinctions between male and female hair loss shape the way the condition is treated.

In both men and women, hair grows in 3 stages: anagen, or the active growing phase, catagen, the brief transitional period, and telogen, the “resting” period during which the hair is inactive. It’s normal to shed a few dozen hairs each day. However, when the growth cycle is disrupted, more rapid hair loss occurs and thinning begins to become more noticeable.

In addition to normal male- and female-pattern baldness, hair loss can occur due to long-term nutritional deficiencies, stress, physical trauma such as a burn, scar, or a surgical incision. This type of hair loss can occur anywhere on the body where hair grows, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, beard area, arms, pubis, and legs. Dr. DuPéré can restore hair to these areas as well as the scalp.

Hair Loss in Men and Women


Men are more prone to hair loss than women, and male patients make up a large portion of our hair restoration clientele. Typically, male hair loss, androgenetic alopecia (commonly called “male-pattern baldness”), first appears as a receding hairline. For some men, hair loss can progress quite slowly. For others, the transformation is faster. Hair may also begin to thin around the crown. Male hair loss can be categorized using the Norwood Scale, a tool for measuring the severity of male baldness.

Because the back of the head tends to be less affected by male-pattern baldness, this area is typically the preferred site for harvesting donor follicles.


Although a very small number of women experience androgenetic alopecia, women typically experience hair loss in a different way. Both male and female hair loss often has a genetic component and a hormonal component. Women may be more affected by hormonal fluctuations. Unlike men, women tend to experience hair loss primarily at the crown, with the hairline being less affected. While thinning can extend beyond the crown, complete baldness in otherwise healthy women is uncommon. Female hair loss is classified using the Ludwig Scale.

Ludwig Scale

Learn more about hair restoration for women.

Are You a Candidate?

Dr. DuPéré is highly experienced in the nuances of hair restoration, and recognizes that each unique patient requires a different, customized approach. Although FUE is the newer and more preferred method for many, some patients remain better candidates for FUT. Depending on the density of hair in donor areas and the estimated number of procedures one may need over time, several FUT or FUE procedures may be performed on a single patient over a lifetime. If you’re experiencing hair loss or hair thinning, you are likely a candidate for some form of clinical hair restoration. During your initial visit with Dr. DuPéré, you will explore the options available to you.

Your Hair Restoration Consultation

Your initial consultation with Dr. DuPéré is quite thorough. After a physical examination of your hair and a discussion of your hair loss history and relevant medical conditions, you can expect to review various hair restoration techniques, including the pros and cons of each technique. The two of you will also plan your procedure, including the number of grafts expected to be harvested and transplanted, the amount of time your procedure will take, and the number of procedures you may require in the future. Finally, Dr. DuPéré will work with you to ensure you have clear, realistic expectations about your results.

Dr. DuPéré encourages patients to bring along photos of parents and grandparents, both paternal and maternal sides. Becase hair loss typically has a genetic component, these photos can help Dr. DuPéré anticipate your needs.

Your Procedure Experience

We begin your appointment by taking a series of photos of your treatment area to be used as “before” pictures. We typically administer a light oral sedative, although intravenous or gaseous sedation is also available. We use a nerve blocker with local anesthetic to keep you comfortable, repeating as needed throughout your treatment.
We shave your donor site, which makes it easier to harvest the follicles.

You’ll be lying on your back for the latter portion of the procedure. We have a TV with Netflix, so you’ll be able to watch what you’d like. Depending on the number of grafts required, you should plan to be at the clinic for most of the day.

We will provide you with a light lunch, so there’s no need to bring your own or go out. Please let our staff know if you have any allergies or intolerances.

After your treatment is complete, Dr. DuPéré bandages and dresses your head.

Recovery & Results

Once you return home after your treatment, you can manage your discomfort with mild narcotics. Most patients require prescription medication for about 48 hours after treatment before transitioning to over-the-counter anti-inflammatories.

Dr. DuPéré recommends spending the first 2 days resting at home. This will minimize unnecessary swelling over the forehead and around the eyes (with hairline procedure) and discomfort. Most patients return to their normal routines after the initial 48-hour resting period. Refrain from working out or engaging in strenuous activities for 10 days.

We recommend wearing a clean, high-top adjustable hat (one that does not touch the treated areas) for several days after your treatment. A loose bandanna or scarf is also a suitable option.

Your transplanted hair will always behave like the hair from where it came. It is likely to survive for quite a long time, although hair loss can progress. This is why photos of your relatives are helpful during the consultation and planning process.

With our comprehensive approach, there is a good chance that hair restoration is right for you. Learn more. Request your consultation online or call Visage Clinic at (416) 929-9800 to begin planning your process.

  • Hair restoration is generally safe, although localized symptoms and discomfort after treatment are common and transient.

  • When you need to lie down, keep your head angled upward, either in a reclining chair or with the aid of pillows.